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A de novo variant of CHD8 in a patient with autism

DISCOVERIES (ISSN 2359-7232), 2020, January-March issue

CITATION: 

Alotaibi M, Ramzan K. A de novo variant of CHD8 in a patient with autism spectrum disorder. Discoveries 2020, 8(1): e107. DOI: 10.15190/d.2020.4


Submitted: March 29, 2020; Revised: March 31, 2020; Accepted: March 31, 2020; Published: March 31, 2020; 

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A de novo variant of CHD8 in a patient with autism spectrum disorder

Maha Alotaibi (1,*), Khushnooda Ramzan (2)

(1) Department of Genetics, King Saud Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

(2) Department of Genetics, King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Centre, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

*Corresponding author: Dr Maha Alotaibi, Department of Genetics, Children's Hospital, King Saud Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia; Email: maotaibi@ksmc.med.sa

Abstract

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a heterogeneous group of neurodevelopmental disorders, usually diagnosed in early childhood, that are characterized by adaptive deficits in social interaction, communication skills, and restricted or stereotyped repetitive patterns of behavior. There had been limited success to define ASD subtypes on the behavioral basis. Genetically categorized ASD subtypes may provide basis to determine the course, prognosis, and individualized mechanism based treatment. Mutations in chromodomain helicase DNA-binding protein 8 (CHD8) gene, have been associated with autism, macrocephaly, speech delay, distinct facial features, sleep and gastrointestinal disturbances. There are few cases in the literature reporting de novo mutations of CHD8 exhibiting sporadic ASD. Here we describe a Saudi boy with developmental delay, intellectual disability, macrocephaly, craniofacial abnormalities, speech delay, but without any history of seizures, gastrointestinal problems or sleep disturbance. Whole exome sequencing for parent-child trio revealed a de novo heterozygous loss-of-function mutation (c.4984C>T, p.Arg1662Ter) in CHD8 gene. Our findings elaborate the genotype-phenotype correlation and confirm that the CHD8 disruptions represent a clinical ASD subtype and further highlight the significance of implementing genomic medicine in clinical practice for an early intervention and necessary support for the families.


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